Archaeology

Madrone provides archaeological and anthropological services for a variety of projects from small, privately owned properties, to large multi-component developments. In British Columbia, the Heritage Conservation Act requires that archaeological sites be left undisturbed, or be properly excavated by an archaeologist. Our work is typically conducted in a staged manner, starting with reconnaissance assessments of an area and, if necessary, progressing through detailed assessment, designs of mitigation measures, recovery and analysis of artifacts, and monitoring during site construction.

Archaeological Overview Assessments (AOA) are usually the first step in determining archaeological potential and refining areas for further study through literature review, archaeological registry searches, and/or archival land and status review. This initial step typically involves a preliminary field reconnaissance. If the overview process determines that an area either has recorded archaeological resources or has the potential to contain archaeological resources, an Archaeological Impact Assessment (AIA) will likely be required. This assessment is conducted to determine location, depth, and overall significance of a site, and requires a permit from the provincial government.  Once a permit is in place, mitigation measures are designed to avoid impacts from the proposed development.

If impacts are unavoidable a Site Alteration Permit (SAP) is required before a site can be altered in any way. These alterations are usually conducted during the construction phase of a project and an archaeologist is retained to monitor and record the alteration.